This is a very interesting look at two different ways of categorizing motivation: internal and instrumental motivation and their relation to a person’s success or failure later on. The first (internal motivation) is a motivation that is closely related to the activity that the motivation produces. For example, I want to go to graduate school to learn so I can be a better therapist. I’m likely to learn in graduate school, pass the licensing exam, and go into private practice. That’s a likely successful outcome. The second kind of motivation (instrumental motivation) seems to be a motivation that is much farther removed from the actual activity.