The following concepts are gathered from the most common schools of thought regarding human psychology, including Carl Rogers (Person-centered Therapy), Sigmund Freud (Psychodynamic and Psychoanalytic Therapy), and Aaron Beck and others (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy). These concepts are ways that psychologists have conceptualized the human mind, emotions, and behavior.
Self Care is learning how to care for yourself. Many people who have maladaptive behaviors were never taught how to care for themselves. As a result, much of the behavior they want to change may be rooted in maladaptive ways of meeting their needs.
Congruence is a concept that Carl Rogers first coined. One example of congruent behavior is smiling when you feel happy. Another example is crying when you feel sad.