Source: Secret Service’s Research & Publications
The Secret Service has a department called the National Threat Assessment Center (NTAC) that conducts research into what they call “targeted violence.” Because they’re job is to predict and stop targeted violence against U.S. Presidents, Vice Presidents, Supreme Court Justices, their families, and others they have resources and research to be able to better predict if and when targeted violence will happen. This website lists some of their own research on this subject but also includes research about school shooters and prevention strategies because targeted violence against U.S. Presidents is similar to targeted violence in schools.
Source: Expert on Mental Illness Reveals Her Own Struggle – NYTimes.com.
Marsha Linehan struggled with her own severe mental illness before she created her now famous Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), which she originally used to treat her own clients who have Borderline Personality Disorder. She went on to teach at the University of Washington, and her therapy has been adapted for use in other settings, including inpatient addiction treatment centers, where clients learn skills to help themselves regulate their emotions, thoughts, and behaviors instead of turning to drugs, alcohol, and other negative coping mechanisms.
Source: Florida school shooter obtained 10 firearms – CNN
Nicholas Cruz had a history of mental illness, racial slurs, and buying guns. He seems to be a young man who struggled with multiple mental health issues including:
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
It’s important to write here that having these mental health issues does not make any person a mass shooter; however, in this case, these may have been factors in his decision-making process. I don’t know of any research that tells me exactly what the factors are. The shooter also cut himself and was visited multiple times by the police and local mental health agency Florida Department of Children and Families to assess his well being.
This was a horrible, tragic event that hopefully motives all of us to constructive, positive action. A few ideas include:
- Educate ourselves about mental health issues
- Work to eliminate stigma so that people who suffer with mental health issues seek help earlier
- Fund more research into targeted violence so that law enforcement and mental health providers can make more accurate predictions
- Provide a role for mental health providers to intervene in all states. Some states already mandate that mental health providers warn potential victims.
Source: Countering Violent Extremism Task Force | Homeland Security.
Currently, the United States Government funds a program through Homeland Security that offers grants to community partners who work in their communities to produce counter-narratives to violent extremism.
Source: The Science and History of Treating Depression – NYTimes.com.
Interesting summary about the research on depression and its treatment using serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Some of the responses are also good to read as well.
Source: Five states allow guns to be seized before someone can commit violence – The Washington Post.
Washington, Oregon, and California are three states that allow a gun to be seized before a person can use it to commit violence.
Source: America’s Changing Religious Landscape | Pew Research Center.
Pew Research shows the distribution of religious belief in the United States.
Source: Talk Therapy Found to Ease Schizophrenia – The New York Times.
New study finds that people with schizophrenia made “greater strides” with smaller doses of antipsychotics plus one-on-one talk therapy.
Source: How Childhood Trauma Can Make You A Sick Adult | Big Think.
Childhood sexual abuse and how it affects people later as adults. Great study with great insights.
Source: Are you depressed? Find out in 90 seconds – Apr. 3, 2015.
Self-diagnosis (even by professionals) is not recommended for many reasons. One reason is that tests tend to be “one dimensional” and mental health professionals will be able to see the “big picture” and help guide people toward appropriate treatment options if appropriate. The BHM-20 may be a tool that may diagnose depression in only 20 questions; however, and may be one tool of many that can be used by professionals to help care for people. If you think you might be depressed, seek professional help before taking any test.